Latin Name: Quercus buckeyli
Common Name: Texas Red Oak, Buckley Red Oak
Native range: Central Texas into Oklahoma, and Kansas.
Height × Width: 45'+ × 30'
Flower: male flowers in catkins
Leaves: 2½-5" × 2-4", deeply divided by 5-9 (usually 7) pointed lobes which are broadest at the tip, end in bristle-tipped teeth, shiny dark green above, pale green with tufts of hair in vein axils below. Bright red fall color.
Fruit: mature 2nd year, egg-shaped, brown stripes. .5-.7" long, shallow cup covers 1/3 - ½ of acorn.
Buds: grayish brown to reddish brown, egg-shaped.
Bark: dark gray
Wildlife: Leaves and acorns can be toxic.
Cultural Uses: Choctaw: Burned bark and black gum ash added to water and used as a red dye
Related to Shumard Oak but leaves are glossier and smaller. Infertile hybrids common in east TX (hybrid line from Dallas to San Antonio).
Drought and heat tolerant.
Named for Travis Buckley, botanist and geologist of Texas.
See: "Typification of the Oak (Quercus) Taxa Described by S. B. Buckley (1809-1884)." Laurence J. Dorr and Kevin C. Nixon. Taxon, 1985 34:2 (May), 211-228. https://www.jstor.org/stable/1221780
Where to find Quercus buckleyi in Maxwell Arboretum:
All images in Maxwell Arboretum unless otherwise noted.
photo: Nebraska Statewide Arboretum, location unknown
Texas A&M University