Latin Name: Quercus imbricaria
Common Name: Shingle Oak
Native range: Pennsylvania to Georgia, Nebraska to Arkansas.
Height × Width: 50'-60' × same or a bit more; in the wild to 80' - 100'.
Form: Pyramidal to upright-oval when young, broad-rounded with age.
Zones: 4 - 8
Flower: Monoecious. Pistillate catkins (male infloresences).
Leaves: ID feature: UNLOBED. Oblong, lanceolate, bristle-like tip, revulate (slightly rolled-back) margin, lustrous, dark green above, pale green and pubescent beneath. 1/4" - 5/8" petiole (leaf "stem"). Can be reddish when emerging. Old leaves are persistent.
Fall Color: Yellow-brown to russet-red.
Fruit: Nut. Acorns short-stalked, nearly globose, 5/8". Cap covers 1/3 to 1/2. Appressed red-brown scales, mature 2nd year.
Buds: Sharp and pointed, often slightly hairy.
Bark: Gray-brown. With age, low ridges and shallow furrows.
Wildlife: Songbirds, upland game birds, and mammals. For detailed information about insect and other faunal associations see Illinois Wildflower's Quercus imbricaria page.
Disease issues: none serious
Euro-American Cultural Uses: wood used for shingles, hence the common name.
Indigenous Cultural Uses: Infusion of bark had many medicinal uses, wood was used for tools, fiber for basketry.
Notes: Tolerant of drier soils.
Where to find Quercus imbricaria in Maxwell Arboretum:
(click to enlarge)